Continuing care

First Nations and Inuit Home and Community Care program (FNIHCC) of Health Canada

The FNIHCC program was established to allow people with chronic or acute illnesses to receive the care they need in their home or community. This approach allows First Nations’ members and Inuit to preserve their health, keep their independence and remain close to their families for as long as possible.

Home and community care includes:

  • nursing care;
  • personal care (bathing, personal hygiene, foot care);
  • housekeeping (meal preparation, light house cleaning);
  • in-home respite services (care provided to an ill person in order to give respite time to the family).

Assisted Living Program of Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada

The Assisted Living Program  provides funding for non-medical social support services intended to meet the specific needs of seniors, adults with chronic illness, and children and adults with disabilities (mental and physical) so that they can maintain their functional independence and achieve a greater level of self-reliance.

The program is made up of three components: in-home care (family assistance and housekeeping services), adult foster care (supervision in a family setting) and institutional care (Type I and Type II care).

  • Type I care is for persons who have retained their mobility, but present decreased physical or mental faculties, thereby requiring assistance for their daily activities as well as social and recreational services to meet their psychosocial needs.
  • Type II care is for persons who have relatively stabilized chronic illnesses or functional disabilities (physical or mental) but have reached the apparent limit of their recovery, thereby requiring availability of 24-hour personal care and services for meeting their psychosocial needs.

Type I and Type II care are defined fully in the National Social Programs Manual.

Diploma of Vocational Studies (DVS):          
Home Care Worker

The FNQLHSSC has given the DVS for Home Care Worker training program three times since 2001, in collaboration with vocational training centres and the FNEC. Its goal to enhance the occupational training of persons providing home care assistance.

This 40-week training program leads to a vocational diploma allowing the majority of students to stay in their communities. The theoretical component is delivered by videoconference, while the practical component is delivered at the occupational training centre. Work placements are organized in and away from the community. Two Francophone cohorts and one Anglophone cohort have now completed the program.

Continuing Care Program Officer at the FNQLHSSC

A continuing care program officer provides liaison among the communities, governments and other organizations involved in home care services. She is available to give professional support in applying and managing programs. She also organizes regional meetings and training sessions related to home care services.