Indian Residential Schools 

For more than a century, the Government of Canada subsidized the education of Aboriginal youth who were sent to nearly 130 residential schools that were mostly run by religious communities. These institutions shared a common goal: the assimilation of Aboriginal children. Nearly 150,000 First Nations, Métis and Inuit children attended these institutions. The loss of identity, language and culture is incalculable, as are the psychological and sociological impacts of the residential schools.

The report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples denounces the tragic legacy left to the survivors of the Indian residential schools.

Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement

The Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement consists of the following five components:

  • The Common Experience Payment (CEP) – component completed;
  • The Independent Assessment Process (IAP) – component completed;
  • The Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) of Canada;
  • Commemoration activities – component completed;
  • Health Support Program – Indian Residential Schools Resolution.


Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC)

The TRC’s objective was to collect testimonies from former Indian residential school students and their families to educate Canadians and increase their awareness about our collective history.  

On June 2, 2015, the TRC published its findings and recommendations following a six-year mandate during which the three Commissioners heard statements from more than 6,750 survivors and witnesses across the country covering more than a century of abuse in the Indian Residential Schools. The 94 recommendations (Calls to Action) are the first step in addressing the historical damage caused by the Indian Residential Schools and furthering the process of reconciliation.

For more information, visit the website of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada.


National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation (NCTR)

The NCTR was created to preserve the memory of the Indian residential school system and its legacy for an indefinite period. The NCTR, which opened its doors in the summer of 2015, will permanently host statements, documents and other materials gathered by the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada (TRC).

For more information, visit the website of the NCTR.


Health support services for former Indian residential school students

The Indian Residential School Crisis Line (1-866-925-4419) is a service available at any time to anyone in distress because of their Indian Residential School experience.

You can also use it to obtain information on other health support services offered by Health Canada's Health Support Program – Indian Residential Schools Resolution.


For more information about the Indian residential schools, please contact Richard Gray, Social Services Manager:

You can also consult the various publications of the FNQLHSSC and the external links to the right.